The Kapor Center conducts research, funds external research, shares findings and best practices, builds capacity among stakeholders and informs policy. Our unparalleled analysis of diversity and inclusion underpins all of our work, helping us improve opportunities for underrepresented genius while strengthening our national economy.
Areas of Focus
Equity in K–12 Computer Science Education
Without access to rigorous computer science and STEM courses, underrepresented students have limited opportunities and aspirations to develop computing knowledge. Our research examines course availability, enrollment, persistence and equity in computer science education while also identifying ways of expanding computer science knowledge to all students, particularly girls and students of color.
Entry, Persistence, and Completion of Degrees in Computing
When women and underrepresented students of color reach higher education, a range of barriers prevent them from pursuing and persisting in computer science majors and completing computing degrees. We develop research-based interventions and strategies to increase their participation and success in computing studies.
Participation and Inclusion in the Tech Workforce
Biases and inequity hinder hiring, advancement opportunities and wages for women and people of color in tech. Moreover, workplace cultures of harassment and hostility prevent these groups from entering and remaining in the tech workforce in the first place. We examine and identify strategies to resolve these problems and foster diversity and inclusion in tech workplaces.
Our team explores ways to mitigate the bias among tech founders and investors who decide what ideas deserve funding. The goal is to create an ecosystem where women and underrepresented people of color have equal access to social networks and capital, and no longer face prejudice in investment decisions.
Search Reports by Category
- Computer Science in California Schools: An Analysis of Access, Enrollment and Equity June 14, 2019 Posted in: Computer Science Access, Research Publications, Uncategorized - This report examines current and trend data on course access, enrollment, and equity in computer science education across California. Key findings from this report include: *Just 39% of high schools in California offer computer science courses, and only 14% offer… Continue Reading
- What’s it like to be a female tech entrepreneur? February 1, 2019 Posted in: Computer Science Access, Computer Science Intervention, Girls of Color In CS, Research Publications, Uncategorized - It’s been roughly one year since the summer of Silicon Valley’s discontent. Women’s stories of their encounters with creepy VCs may not have surprised us, but they did usher in a series of expulsions, hand-wringing and — because this is Silicon Valley — opportunities… Continue Reading
- Data Brief: Women and Girls of Color in Computing August 3, 2018 Posted in: Computer Science Access, Computer Science Intervention, Girls of Color In CS, Research Publications - The Kapor Center has partnered with the Center for Gender Equity in Science and Technology at Arizona State University to launch the Women of Color in Computing Researcher/Practitioner Collaborative (https://www.wocincomputing.org). This data brief outlines the participation of women of color… Continue Reading
- SMASH Impact Report 2017 Executive Summary May 11, 2018 Posted in: Computer Science Intervention, Research Publications, STEM Research - SMASH evaluation data have been collected each summer for seven years, along with annual alumni surveys to examine longitudinal outcomes of SMASH scholars. The SMASH Impact Report 2017 Executive Summary provides the summary of these results from this past year… Continue Reading
- SMASH Impact Report 2017 May 11, 2018 Posted in: Computer Science Intervention, Research Publications, STEM Research - SMASH evaluation data have been collected each summer for seven years, along with annual alumni surveys to examine longitudinal outcomes of SMASH scholars. The SMASH Impact Report 2017 provides the highlights of these results from this past year of data… Continue Reading
- The Leaky Tech Pipeline: A Comprehensive Framework for Understanding and Addressing the Lack of Diversity across the Tech Ecosystem February 28, 2018 Posted in: Computer Science Access, Girls of Color In CS, Research Publications, STEM Research, Workplace Culture - This report introduces the Leaky Tech Pipeline Framework, explores data on underrepresentation and barriers to diversity, and provides a roadmap for comprehensive interventions and solutions to increase racial and gender diversity across the tech ecosystem. Check out the report below:… Continue Reading
- Broadening Participation in Computing: Examining Experiences of Girls of Color December 14, 2017 Posted in: Computer Science Intervention, Girls of Color In CS, Research Publications - This research study examined longitudinal gender differences in computing outcomes among high school girls of color. Girls of color participating in a 3-year CS intervention demonstrated lower initial interest in computing and these gender differences persisted after one year of… Continue Reading
- The 2017 Tech Leavers Study April 27, 2017 Posted in: Diversifying Tech, Professional Development, Research Publications, Technology, Workplace Culture - What would you do if your colleagues continually shared offensive and stereotypical racial jokes? How would you respond if the same managers who continually made sexist comments also unfairly critiqued your work contributions, while you watched others being fast-tracked for… Continue Reading
- Computer Science in California’s Schools: 2016 AP CS Results and Implications March 14, 2017 Posted in: Computer Science Access, Research Publications - The Kapor Center for Social Impact and the Alliance for California Computing Education for Students and Schools (ACCESS) released a policy brief detailing disparities in Advanced Placement Computer Science A test taking in California and the nation. Key findings of… Continue Reading
- Broadening Participation in Computer Science: Existing Out-of-School Initiatives and a Case Study December 26, 2016 Posted in: Computer Science Intervention, Research Publications - This article, which appeared in the November issue of the Association for Computer Machinery (ACM) publication Inroads, outlines the types of interventions designed to increase equity in Computer Science (CS). SMASH was highlighted as a case study within the CS… Continue Reading
- Exploring Predictors of Computer Science Outcomes among Underrepresented High School Students of Color August 6, 2018 Posted in: Computer Science Access, Computer Science Intervention, Girls of Color In CS, Research Presentations - Presented at the 2018 American Education Research Association (AERA) Conference, this study examined demographic, academic, and social/psychological predictors of computing outcomes. Study findings reveal: (a) gender differences in computing engagement and aspirations but not in competency, (b) prior CS exposure… Continue Reading
- Intersectional STEM Network Formation: Longitudinal Peer Support, Anti-Blackness, and Persistence in STEM for Underrepresented Students December 14, 2017 Posted in: Research Presentations, STEM Research - Peer networks formed in a rigorous HS STEM summer program were related to persistence in studying STEM in college however were not sufficient to overcome isolation in STEM majors. Latinx students were significantly more likely to report being close to… Continue Reading
- Culturally Relevant Computer Science Education: From Theory to Practice December 14, 2017 Posted in: Computer Science Access, Computer Science Intervention, Girls of Color In CS, Research Presentations - Presented at the 2017 American Education Research Association (AERA) Conference in San Antonio, TX, this research describes the practices of culturally relevant computer science pedagogy, including tenets and instructional examples. View Presentation Continue Reading
- Do Computer Science Exposure Activities Increase Pursuit of Computer Science Higher Education for Underrepresented Groups? March 14, 2017 Posted in: Computer Science Intervention, Girls of Color In CS, Research Presentations - The Kapor Center for Social Impact Tech Inclusion Research Team presented the findings of a study on the longitudinal results of computer science exposure activities during SMASH in a poster session at the Special Interest Group on Computer Science Education… Continue Reading
- Engaging Underrepresented Students in Computer Science September 28, 2016 Posted in: Computer Science Intervention, Research Presentations - "LPFI, the Kapor Center for Social Impact, and colleagues from UC Berkeley and El Camino College presented strategies for engaging underrepresented students of color in Computer Science at the Tapia 2016 Diversity in Computing Conference in Austin, Texas. Strategies discussed… Continue Reading
- Influence and Motivation in STEM Among Underrepresented High School Students of Color May 6, 2016 Posted in: Research Presentations, STEM Research - "Presented at the 2016 American Education Research Association (AERA) Conference in Washington, D.C. (April 8, 2016), this qualitative study examined the differing ways that boys and girls of color in the Summer Math and Science Honors Academy (SMASH) STEM program… Continue Reading
- Examining the Impact of a Culturally Responsive Out-of-School Computer Science Intervention for Underrepresented High School Students May 6, 2016 Posted in: Computer Science Intervention, Research Presentations - "This study, funded generously by the National Science Foundation, outlines the impact of short-term, culturally responsive computer science program for underrepresented youth of color. Chief among its findings are that a culturally responsive pedagogical framework in computer science shows promise… Continue Reading
- Peer Network Effects and Persistence in Pursuit of STEM Higher Education for Underrepresented Groups November 18, 2015 Posted in: Research Presentations, STEM Research - Presented at the 2015 National Symposium on Student Retention (November 4, 2015), this poster illuminates the role that gender and ethnic/racial identities play in the formation of peer networks in STEM for underrepresented students of color, with a special investigation… Continue Reading
- Computer Science Access for Students of Color: Disparities and Opportunities November 18, 2015 Posted in: Computer Science Access, Research Presentations - "This presentation, given to the 2015 California Department of Education STEM Symposium in San Diego, CA (October 29, 2015), explored disparities in Computer Science course access in California high schools with highest proportions of: underrepresented students of color, low-income students,… Continue Reading
- Path Not Found: Disparities in Access to Computer Science Courses in California High Schools – CSTA Golden Gate Chapter presentation July 31, 2015 Posted in: Computer Science Access, Research Presentations - The findings of the “Path Not Found:Disparities in Access to Computer Science Courses in California High Schools” were presented and discussed at the Computer Science Teachers Association Golden Gate chapter meeting (June 28, 2015). The research illuminated the disparities in… Continue Reading